Thursday 9 February 2017

Capelinhos, Faial, Azores

It’s a story I’ve been told many times. It’s short and never changes. Ever.

“I was working that day. I met a friend who had been to the house. He told me I should go home. I did. Walking home I looked across the ocean. I could see large plumes of smoke. It was the day of the largest eruption. It was the day your brother died.”

That was my father’s recollection and connection, to the submarine volcanic explosion off the western coast of the Azorean island, Faial, in the fall of 1957. He was in Graciosa, 147 km. away, but with a clear view of the island directly across the channel, the smoke filling the sky was easily seen.

City of Horta behind me

 The eruption and tremors lasted 13 months (September, 1957 to October, 1958), displaced 2000 people, buried 300 homes and a lighthouse, and added 2.4 kms to the island’s land mass, most of which has been reclaimed by the ocean.

On my recent trip to the Azores visiting this area was a must.

Faial, is a short 30-minute ferry ride from its neighbouring island, Pico, where I was staying.  

Faial seen from my hotel room in Pico

Helena, stocky, red-headed and chatty, was the tour guide and cab driver I had arranged to meet on the pier. She was happy to show me her island. 

Together we drove through the lushness of the Natural Park of Faial, a protected area that comprises 17% of the island's total land mass. Helena took me farther, deeper, higher towards the caldera, a symbol of the island’s volcanic beginning. 

There is a Ccldera down there ...

A shroud of fog surrounded us. Still, the flora and fauna of the area could be observed, including Laurel trees as tall as 60 feet. Thick-green bushes of blue hydrangeas lined both sides of the road. Unseen birds chirped. The fog and mist, which are common in the Laurisilva forest we drove through, added to the mystique.  

The sights and sounds of Faial filled my senses – hues of green, yellow and blue; soothing sounds of waterfalls, birds and the Atlantic Ocean.

The last stop on my island tour was Capelinhos, the site of the volcanic eruption, so entrenched in my father's memory.

“There is it,” said Helena. She nodded in the direction.

“Oh wow,” I said, somewhat shocked.

It was a stark contrast to all I had been observing just minutes earlier. A large mass of grey and black lay ahead of me. The azure of the sea was right there. Surrounding it.  But it was insignificant to the blackness of the earth we were driving on to. 

Once parked, I stepped outside the car to experience a profane silence that was simply unnerving. The ocean was still pounding its surf. In all practicality, I’m sure it sounded the same as it did in the other parts of the island I had visited, but here, in this place of darkness, it all just ‘sounded’ eerie.

I took a deep breath and slowly spun around, trying to take it all in, but it’s just too big. Too large to absorb.

“This way,” said Helena. We walked down the long stone-path leading to the underground interpretation centre, with its various exhibition halls and an auditorium showing 3D movies about the formation of the islands: the ocean churning in fury, fire exploding from the sea. It was during the screening, that I it hit me: OMG, this could happen again. Here. Now!

Coming from a part of the world where the worst natural disaster I’ve experienced has been an ice storm with its resulting 12-hour power outage, I felt a shiver of terror come over me. Traces of my claustrophobia kicked in, no doubt.  I wanted to leave, to at least be outdoors and not underground in a place that was already covered in volcanic ash. Once the film was over I was out of there.

Back outside, I wandered through the lighthouse which was mostly buried after the eruption, but has since then been excavated to its present state. The admission fee (10 Euros), provides access to the top of the lighthouse, with its spectacular views over the area. I passed on this option and chose instead to meandered around.  It is a dark, silent, chilling landscape.

I looked across the sea, towards the island of Graciosa. I tried to imagine what my father must have felt the day he walked home, seeing the smoke-filled sky on the other side of the water, unaware of what waited him. It was all too horrible to imagine.
I’m not sure why. exactly, I was driven to make a pilgrimage to this place. I just knew I had to come.  And I'm glad I did. Somehow being there, seeing the darkness and absorbing the silence,  made me feel closer to my father, his story and to the brother I never knew. 


  1. Maria, your have a flowery way with descriptive words that makes you feel and sense the landscape. The pictures are excellent. The ones where the lava flowed to the sea looks like being on the moon. I sense your trip is a pilgrimage to the information related to you by your Dad & the memory of the brother you never knew.

    1. Hi Jim,
      Thank you for your comments. This place is really quite something! So glad I went.

  2. Great article, Maria - eerie, very haunting. The pictures are amazing.

  3. Nice piece! My parents were just 10 yrs old, living in Praia Do Norte (dad) and Capelo (mom) on Faial, only a few miles away from the eruption when it occured. I've grown up with stories about it and have visited the island a half dozen times since (and will be back again this summer with them). It's hard to grasp what they went through, but I always try to be thankful for what we have.

    1. Hi. Sorry it's taken this long to respond. Yes. I absolutely agree with you. I can't even begin to imagine what they must have gone through! Visiting Capelinhos was the highlight of my trip! Enjoy your upcoming trip this summer.

  4. Hi Maria,
    So glad to have discovered your wonderful blog. It's great to know that you are writing about your Azorean heritage. I am trying to do the same in my own way. I hope you get a chance to visit my site:

    Emanuel Melo

    1. Hi Emanuel, I love the stories in your blog. They bring back lots of memories. Looks like we came to Canada 1 year apart -- February, 1967 for me. Through Montreal of course. That was probably THE route at the time. I love, love Canada, but the Azores has always stayed with me.
      Thanks for reaching out.